June 28, 1914. Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo, launching a fateful cascade of events that would lead to the first mechanized world war. In “the war to end all wars,” weapons were not only tanks and bayonets, but also images and words.
War of images, images of war comes to our galleries November 18.
The Trench, Félix Vallotton. In C’est la guerre!, 1915–16, pl. 1.
The Devil’s Bagpipes, lithograph in Kartinki—voina russkikh s nemtsami, 1914.
Our toy. The Villainous Kaiser Wilhelm, Paul Iribe. Cover of Le mot 1, no. 4 (January 2, 1915). The Getty Research Institute
Jeremy Knowles, discussing the complete lack of recognition Cecilia Payne gets, even today, for her revolutionary discovery. (via alliterate)
OH WAIT LEMME TELL YOU ABOUT CECILIA PAYNE.
Cecilia Payne’s mother refused to spend money on her college education, so she won a scholarship to Cambridge.
Cecilia Payne completed her studies, but Cambridge wouldn’t give her a degree because she was a woman, so she said fuck that and moved to the United States to work at Harvard.
Cecilia Payne was the first person ever to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from Radcliffe College, with what Otto Strauve called “the most brilliant Ph.D. thesis ever written in astronomy.”
Not only did Cecilia Payne discover what the universe is made of, she also discovered what the sun is made of (Henry Norris Russell, a fellow astronomer, is usually given credit for discovering that the sun’s composition is different from the Earth’s, but he came to his conclusions four years later than Payne—after telling her not to publish).
Cecilia Payne is the reason we know basically anything about variable stars (stars whose brightness as seen from earth fluctuates). Literally every other study on variable stars is based on her work.
Cecilia Payne was the first woman to be promoted to full professor from within Harvard, and is often credited with breaking the glass ceiling for women in the Harvard science department and in astronomy, as well as inspiring entire generations of women to take up science.
Cecilia Payne is awesome and everyone should know her.